Continuing a Company from One Country to Another Country Without U.S. Registration or Exemption Triggers Shareholder Rescission Rights

In Canada it’s considered no big deal to ask shareholders to approve a continuance or redomicile of a company from one province to another, or between Canadian provincial and federal jurisdictions. That’s also largely true from a U.S. securities perspective, but only because the continuance is being made within the same country. If a continuance...

Form I-9 and Remote Workers: Is the Flexibility Almost Over?

As most Canadian employers are aware, the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 requires employers to verify the identity and employment authorization of each of their employees inside the United States. This process is documented through the completion of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) Form I-9, Employment Eligibility Verification, for each...

Cross-Border de-SPAC Structures

More special purpose acquisition vehicles (common known as “SPACs”) completed their initial public offering (“IPO”) in 2021 than in any prior year. In 2021, approximately 613 SPACs completed their IPO within the United States alone. An increasing number of Canadian companies are being approached by U.S. and tax haven SPACs with significant US shareholders. A...

States Expand Pay Transparency Requirements, Including for Remote Job Postings

In order to address income disparities and employer discrimination, a growing number of jurisdictions in the U.S. have implemented salary transparency laws that not only require disclosure of certain salary information during the hiring process upon request, but require public disclosure of salary ranges in all posted job advertisements.  Canadian companies with U.S. employees should...

Share Buyback Transactions: U.S. Tax Consequences may differ for each U.S. Shareholder

On Thursday, November 4, 2021, the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions announced that, subject to approval by the superintendent, Canadian banks and other financial institutions may begin repurchasing their own shares. Share buyback transactions by Canadian companies are not novel. However, the U.S. federal income tax treatment of U.S. shareholders participating in a...

Canadian Corporations Acquiring U.S. Target Companies in Tax-Deferred Transactions: When Business Activities Outside the U.S. Matter

In transactions in which a Canadian corporation seeks to acquire a U.S. target entity for shares of the Canadian acquiror in a transaction intended to be tax-deferred for U.S. federal income tax purposes, the ability of U.S. shareholders of the U.S. target to qualify for tax-deferral may depend on the activities the Canadian acquiror conducts...

OSHA Releases Updated Guidance on Mitigating and Preventing the Spread of COVID-19 in the Workplace

On August 13, 2021, the United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration (“OSHA”) released updated guidance on mitigating and preventing the spread of COVID-19 in the workplace to reflect changes in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (“CDC”) guidance for fully vaccinated individuals in response to the spread of the Delta variant.  The guidance...