U.S. Equal Pay and Pay Transparency Laws Are Getting More Complex

Several U.S. states have been adopting more complex pay transparency laws and stricter equal pay statutes that prohibit employers from paying two employees differently to perform the same role based on factors such as race or gender. While these two types of laws are different, they go hand in hand since pay transparency laws require...

The SEC’s Form F-7 Can Be Used to Conduct a U.S. Public Offering of Securities, with No Review, No Ongoing SEC Reporting, and No Market Capitalization Requirement

Did you know that the Canada-U.S. multijurisdictional disclosure system (MJDS) includes an SEC form that does not include any minimum market capitalization requirement, and can be used to complete a public offering of securities in the United States without triggering any ongoing SEC reporting requirements?  It’s true. Form F-7 allows certain TSX and TSXV-listed Canadian...

Raising U.S. Funds Under Canada’s New “Listed Issuer Financing Exemption”

As many of our readers will have heard, the Canadian Securities Administrators (“CSA”) has announced the adoption of a new prospectus exemption for certain reporting issuers listed on a Canadian stock exchange (the “Listed Issuer Financing Exemption”), effective November 21, 2022.  To date, little attention has been given to the potential effect of the Listed...

Mining Companies Subject To The SEC’S Subpart 1300 Of Regulation S-K Should Prepare Now For Next Year’s Annual Report

In 2022, many SEC reporting companies with mineral resource assets completed their inaugural SEC annual report on Form 10-K or 20-F subject to the SEC’s mining disclosure rules in subpart 1300 of Regulation S-K (“subpart 1300”), and filed their inaugural subpart 1300 technical report summaries, if applicable. As 2023’s annual reporting season approaches, we outline...

Inflation Reduction Act: New U.S. Excise Tax on Stock Repurchase Transactions Applicable to Certain Canadian Companies

On August 16, 2022, President Biden signed the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022, HR 5376 (the “Act”), into law. Among other significant changes, the Act includes a new 1% excise tax on stock repurchase transactions by certain publicly traded corporations (the “Excise Tax”). As described below, publicly traded Canadian companies that: are treated as U.S....

Continuing a Company from One Country to Another Country Without U.S. Registration or Exemption Triggers Shareholder Rescission Rights

In Canada it’s considered no big deal to ask shareholders to approve a continuance or redomicile of a company from one province to another, or between Canadian provincial and federal jurisdictions. That’s also largely true from a U.S. securities perspective, but only because the continuance is being made within the same country. If a continuance...

Form I-9 and Remote Workers: Is the Flexibility Almost Over?

As most Canadian employers are aware, the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 requires employers to verify the identity and employment authorization of each of their employees inside the United States. This process is documented through the completion of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) Form I-9, Employment Eligibility Verification, for each...

Cross-Border de-SPAC Structures

More special purpose acquisition vehicles (common known as “SPACs”) completed their initial public offering (“IPO”) in 2021 than in any prior year. In 2021, approximately 613 SPACs completed their IPO within the United States alone. An increasing number of Canadian companies are being approached by U.S. and tax haven SPACs with significant US shareholders. A...

States Expand Pay Transparency Requirements, Including for Remote Job Postings

In order to address income disparities and employer discrimination, a growing number of jurisdictions in the U.S. have implemented salary transparency laws that not only require disclosure of certain salary information during the hiring process upon request, but require public disclosure of salary ranges in all posted job advertisements.  Canadian companies with U.S. employees should...